Pigmentation is extremely common and presents itself in many different ways from freckles to melasma. Pigment can be genetic or due to external factors such as excessive sun exposure or trauma to the skin. Internally driven pigmentation is most commonly seen from certain medications like the contraceptive pill or post pregnancy. Each type of pigmentation has a different pathway of formation therefore, treatment options will vary. When treating any form of pigmentation there are non-negotiable products that will protect the skin from further UV damage and assist with shifting superficial pigment. You could expect your skin therapist to prescribe a pigment inhibitor and an SPF as a bare minimum.